JP Dental Hartford

What is Gum Disease?

September 4, 2021
Posted By: Juyong Chung

What is gum disease?

Chances are if you are reading this, you may be experiencing bleeding in your mouth while brushing or flossing your teeth. Do you want to know more about gum disease, otherwise known as gingivitis? 

According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, half of the Americans suffer from some type of Gum Disease. 

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, it can become a more serious infection know as Periodontitis which results in both bone and tooth loss. 

Your gums attach at a lower point than the gum line we see around our teeth. The space between the gums and the teeth are commonly called pockets. Whenever food or plaque gets collected and stay lodged in that space, infection can occur causing the gums to become inflamed and turn from healthy pink color to strawberry red. 

Gingivitis is a very preventable disease !

If you follow these 3 easy steps, you can be sure you are taking proper steps towards optimum oral health. 

  • First, Establish a relationship with a Dentist/Dental Practice and get your "Initial Patient Exam". Your Dentist will be able to guide you and provide education on maintaining proper oral hygiene. More specifically, your Dentist can teach the right technique(s) to clean your teeth, stimulate your gums and indicate the areas you need to focus on, to do a better job brushing. You will get an indication to the severity and/or progression of any active periodontal gum disease. Now that you have a starting point, you will have better guidance of what steps you should take to move towards your goal of healthy gums that support healthy teeth
  • Find the right tooth brush that is right for you. If you have teeth that are crowded, you may be need a toothbrush that has extra extensions to reach the deeper areas of your mouth. If you have teeth and gums that are sensitive, you may require a soft bristle toothbrush that won't cause erosion or damage when you place pressure while brushing. In addition to the toothbrush, you may need "Waterpik" if you have areas that are very difficult to reach with your toothbrush.
  • Make sure you are brushing the right area! Unfortunately, many patients that walk through our door, do not brush the appropriate area(s). The area you want to focus is the gum-line, where your teeth and the gums meet. With a combination of proper daily oral hygiene habits and regular visits to your Dentist, you should see major improvement to your oral health within a short period of time.  

I hope this tips are helpful, informative and insightful. Make sure you check our website regularly to get more tips. 


Happy Brushing 

~ Dr Chung



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